What are the variations between Zigbee vs Thread – Execs & Cons of Every Customary

#variations #Zigbee #Thread #Execs #Cons #Customary

I beforehand wrote an article evaluating Zigbee vs Z-Wave and the professionals and cons of every good dwelling expertise.

Thread is a brand new good dwelling communication protocol that builds upon the Zigbee specification and is obtainable for free of charge; nevertheless, this requires settlement and continued adherence to an Finish-Person License Settlement (EULA). Albeit, you need to be a part of the Thread Group to be allowed to make use of it.

A few of this text was generated utilizing ChatGPT as I wished to see if it was in a position to precisely evaluate the 2 applied sciences (largely the Z-wave bit). I’ve added some further data myself, particularly with Thread and the conclusion. One situation with ChatGPT is that it has restricted information of occasions that occurred after September 2021. This, due to this fact, makes it lower than ideally suited for lots of tech-focussed content material.

What are Zigbee and Thread

Zigbee and Thread are two well-liked wi-fi communication protocols utilized in dwelling automation and good units. Each of those applied sciences use mesh networking, the place a number of units can talk with one another, and the information packets are relayed from one machine to a different. Nevertheless, there are some variations between the 2 that may have an effect on their efficiency and usefulness. On this information, we’ll discover the variations between Zigbee vs Thread and their professionals and cons.


Zigbee is an open wi-fi communication protocol developed by the Zigbee Alliance. It operates on the two.4 GHz frequency band, which is identical as Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Zigbee makes use of a mesh community topology, which permits for higher protection and reliability in bigger networks.


  • Open protocol: Zigbee is an open protocol, which signifies that it isn’t restricted to a single producer. This enables for extra machine decisions and higher interoperability.
  • Decrease value: Zigbee units are usually cheaper than Thread units, making it a extra inexpensive choice.
  • Bandwidth: Zigbee has a better bandwidth than Thread, making it able to supporting high-bandwidth functions like video streaming.
  • Scalability: Zigbee can assist a bigger variety of units in a single community in comparison with Thread.


  • Interference: Zigbee operates on the identical frequency band as Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, which signifies that there could also be interference from different wi-fi indicators.
  • Safety: Zigbee makes use of weaker encryption in comparison with Thread, making it much less safe.
  • Energy consumption: Zigbee units have a tendency to make use of extra energy than Thread units, which suggests they might want extra frequent battery replacements.
  • Vary: Zigbee has a shorter vary in comparison with Thread, making it much less appropriate for bigger properties or buildings.


Thread home network - What are the differences between Zigbee vs Thread – Pros & Cons of Each Standard
What are the variations between Zigbee vs Thread – Execs & Cons of Every Customary 1

Thread is an open wi-fi communication protocol developed by the Thread Group.

Thread makes use of 6LoWPAN, which, in flip, makes use of the IEEE 802.15.4 wi-fi protocol with mesh communication, which relies on the two.4 GHz frequency band, identical to Zigbee.

The large distinction so far as performance goes is that Thread is IP-addressable, with cloud entry and AES encryption. As a result of Thread is IP addressable, it does not want the identical form of good hub as Zigbee, and now we have seen units like Google Nest WiFi Professional launch as a Thread border router.


  • Safety: Thread makes use of AES 128-bit encryption, making it a safe communication protocol for good dwelling units.
  • Interoperability: Thread is designed to work with different IP-based protocols, which signifies that it may combine with different programs resembling Wi-Fi or Ethernet.
  • Much less power-hungry: Thread units use much less energy than Zigbee units, which suggests they’ll last more on batteries.
  • Vary: Thread has an extended vary than Zigbee, making it a more sensible choice for bigger properties or buildings.


  • Restricted machine decisions: Thread is a comparatively new expertise, which signifies that there could also be fewer units that assist it in comparison with Zigbee.
  • Value: Thread units are usually costlier than Zigbee units.
  • Bandwidth: Thread has a decrease bandwidth in comparison with Zigbee, which suggests it might not be capable of assist high-bandwidth functions like video streaming.
  • Scalability: Thread can assist a restricted variety of units in a single community in comparison with Zigbee.


In the case of selecting between Zigbee vs Thread, Thread is almost certainly the higher general answer. However with this comparability, it’s much less about selecting between shopping for Zigbee and Thread merchandise. Thread may be very new, with a restricted variety of units out there. Zigbee units can theoretically be upgraded to Thread, and this seems to be what Aqara have deliberate with lots of its units. It’s potential, if not very seemingly, that we’ll see Thread and Zigbee coexist for a very long time.

A person on reddit lined the advantages of Thread over Zigbee, and this was two years in the past, so it’s seemingly issues have modified (and hopefully improved additional) for Thread:

  • A lot decrease latency (usually half of Zigbee’s); Thread appears to ship the instructions within the first packet, not watch for back-and-forth connection establishing.
  • Significantly better efficiency within the mesh community – particularly over a number of hops
  • No want for a hub – all IP primarily based, straight addressable with out “translations” by a hub to the remainder of the community
  • As redundant and secure because the web, utilizing confirmed IP applied sciences

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